Página principal

De Mundo Sirrus
Revisão de 10h50min de 20 de fevereiro de 2019 por Meatwarm6 (Discussão | contribs)

Ir para: navegação, pesquisa

Ior and much less perceived punishment for that activity (Birkas et al. Ior and much less perceived punishment for that activity (Birkas et al., 2015). This indicates that Machiavellians have a tendency to take into account merely the income they choose to pursue, which may possibly result in their erroneous estimation concerning the odds of rewards or punishment (Rauthmann and Kolar, 2013; Birkas et al., 2015). They may type unrealistic beliefs about very good luck, and irrationally overrate the gain-seeking probability and underrate and even neglect the punishment probability. Additionally, individuals with higher narcissism often possess a sense of entitlement (Morf et al., 2000) and overconfidence (Campbell et al., 2004), which lead them to misjudge the chances of achievement. In other words, they may inappropriately raise the subjective probabilities of successes (http://familiarspots.com/members/degree74betty/activity/864276/ Paulhus and Williams, 2002). In addition to, the inflated self-beliefs caused narcissists toFrontiers in Psychology frontiersin.orgApril 2016 Volume 7 ArticleZhao et al.The Dark Triad Predict Corruptionform an unrealistic view that luck generally works in their favor, which make them underrate the probability of dangers or losses and arrive at irrational choices (Judge et al., 2006; Chatterjee and Hambrick, 2007; Lakey et al., 2008). As such, individuals with high narcissism may well hold the illusory beliefs that great luck would fall to them and they are able to manage an occasion. Results from earlier investigation also demonstrated that psychopathy was positively linked with irrational beliefs (Samar et al., 2013); men and women higher in psychopathy usually exhibit a biased judgment of danger perceptions, and even ignore the inherent risks connected to an event (Jones, 2014). Moreover, the characteristic of low self-control renders them unable to resist the temptations from unfair advantages, which result in them unable to help keep a cool thoughts to create rational judgments (Tangney et al., 2004). Certainly, all of those would exacerbate the "Dark Triad" people's unrealistic estimations about prospective gains or dangers. Taken collectively, it is actually nature to assume that when faced with deviant behaviors, people with higher Dark Triad will be additional probably to hold irrational beliefs in excellent luck and make irrational estimations.Overview from the Existing StudiesBased around the literature assessment of earlier theories and studies, we posited the following two hypotheses: Hypothesis 1: The Dark Triad traits positively predict corrupt intention; and Hypothesis 2: Belief in superior luck plays a mediating function within the partnership among the Dark Triad traits and corrupt intention. We performed two sub-studies in China to test Hypothesis 1 and Hypothesis 2. In these sub-studies, bribe-offering and bribetaking had been utilised as two distinctive outcome valences in the forms of corruption in hypothetical scenarios, along with the measurement of belief in excellent luck was embedded within the corresponding scenario. In Study 1, we explored the correlations involving every Dark Triad trait and bribe-offering intention, and constructed mediation models to verify the assumption that belief in superior luck in searching for gains (irrationally overestimating the probability of a positive-valence outcome) would mediate the effect with the Dark Triad traits on bribe-offering intention. In Study two, we further examined no matter if every single Dark Triad trait could facilitate bribe-taking intention, and tested no matter whether belief in very good luck in avoiding penalty (irrationally underestimating the probability of a negative-valence outcome) would mediate the effect from the Dark Triad traits on bribe-taking intention.Belief in Superior Lu.