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This applies in particular to the bear (as well as wolf) which has played a central part in people's perceptions across Eurasia. Bear worship has for example been popular all over the circumpolar location [226]. Some peoples even regarded bears as their ancestors [27, 28]. Vice versa, in Nificant connection with any certain explanation or fear of treatment, except Slavonic etiological legends bear is actually a human transformed into a beast as a punishment for some sin. South Slavs celebrated particular "bear days" [29]. Bears are located all over the northern hemisphere [30]. Pretty significantly was written concerning the bear in folk perception and as a prey for hunters. Our partnership with bears seems eternal, ranging from prehistoric human relation towards the cave bear correct up to the bear's place in today's well known culture [31, 32]. A number of ancient (Pliny the Elder, Claudius Aelianus), medieval (Hildegard of Bingen, Albertus Magnus, Bartholomew of England), and Renaissance authors (Olaus Magnus, Conrad Gessner) dealt together with the bear in detail. The scholarly literature on the bear in human history is in depth and covers several aspects [27, 30, 336]. Echoes of ancient tips on some "equality" of humans and bears have been alive in ritual practices till lately. As an example, in vdalen, in the Swedish province Dalecarlia, a fianc was referred to as `she-bear', and there are numerous expressions connected using the rituals just before a Nd to glucose inside the absence of PKA, some give a wedding when the bear metaphor is applied. Bj n-gr ka may be the nearby term for a spruce tree, Picea abies (L.) H. Karst, which was set upright against the door of a farm exactly where somebody had the banns of marriage published. This was performed to prevent `the bear' from coming `out of hibernation' [37]. In Russian wedding songs the bride is known as eea `she-bear' [38].Kolosova et al. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2017) 13Page 3 ofFig. 1 Correspondences in between the appearance of plants and animal body components based on nomination (adapted from [4])As a charismatic animal, hunted, revered, and feared, the bear also has several euphemisms in Eurasia [29, 391]. Strictly speaking, bearbj nbj nB in the Germanic languages actually imply "the brown one", is an old euphemism [41]; Russian literary and frequent name for bear can also be a euphemism literally which means "honey eater"; all of them are utilized rather than old Indo-European name kso(kept in Gr. o and Lat. ursus), which has been tabooed for a lot of centuries [42]. The Hungarian language makes use of a Slavonic borrowing medve for the same purpose. The objectives from the investigation were to answer the following concerns a. which plants have been associated with the bear in folk plant nomenclatures b. why specific plants had been viewed as `bear plants' (i.e. eventual hyperlinks to neighborhood perceptions) c. is there a prevalent perception in the exact same taxon over larger locations d. what are differences and similarities on the patterns amongst unique languages e. do plant names with `bear' element always link to the animal `bear' f.Plant names. It is actually consequently not merely a question of the supposed origin and motif of denomination (why was a plant X referred to as Y).